Vessel Monitoring System
WCPFC3 adopted a Conservation and Management Measure for the Commission VMS (CMM 2006-06 (65.99 KB)). WCPFC4 adopted an amended CMM for the Commission VMS (CMM 2007-02 (33.2 KB)) that includes the requirement for vessels in the Convention Area to maintain VMS transmission when they move into the part of the Convention Area bounded by 20°N and 175°E (the area for which a VMS implementation date has yet to be established) from elsewhere in the Convention Area. WCPFC11 adopted an amended CMM CMM 2014-02 (295.8 KB) to reflect the Commissions adoption of the NC members commitment to implement VMS in the area north of 20N and west of 175E by 31 December 2013. (WCPFC9 Summary Report, paragraph 285)
In December 2008, a Service Level Agreement (SLA) with FFA for the provision of the WCPFC VMS services was formalised. The WCPFC VMS came into operation on April 1, 2009.
The contracted system that provides VMS information to the FFA VMS and the WCPFC VMS systems is referred to as the “Pacific VMS”. The WCPFC has approximately 1,500 WCPFC-registered vessels that report to the WCPFC VMS through the Pacific VMS. In addition the WCPFC VMS receives, through the SLA with FFA, high seas VMS information relating to FFA-registered vessels.
WCPFC9 agreed to a Statement describing Purpose and Principles of the WCPFC VMS (424.21 KB)
VMS Reporting Status
Authorised CCM users are able to access a list of the VMS reporting status of all vessels on the RFV - VMS Reporting Status Tool
Operative Conservation and Management Measure
The current CMM for the Commission VMS was adopted at WCPFC11 and is CMM 2014-02.
Standards Specifications and Procedures (SSPs)
WCPFC5 adopted the Standards Specifications and proccedures (SSPs) for the fishing vessel monitoring system (VMS) of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). WCPFC9 adopted an amendment to the SSPs related to the reporting timeframes for manual reporting in the event of ALC malfunction; this amendment applies from 1 March 2013 - 1 March 2017. WCPFC12 agreed to amendments related to ALC-type approval procedure. WCPFC13 further extended the amendment for manual reporting in the event of ALC malfunction to apply from 1 March 2017 - 1 March 2019. WCPFC15 agreed to amendments related to ALC-type approval procedure and further extended the amendment for manual reporting in the event of ALC malfunction to apply until 1 March 2020. A standard reporting format for these manual reports has been previously agreed. The latest version of the VMS SSPs can be accessed here:- (
WCPFC list of approved Mobile Transceiver Units (MTU)/Automatic Location Communicators (ALC)
The approved structure of the WCPFC VMS system allows vessels to report to the WCPFC through two ways: i) directly to the WCPFC VMS, or ii) to the WCPFC through the FFA VMS.
In respect of vessels reporting through the FFA VMS (option ii)), FFA requirements determine the ALC units that are able to be used for this purpose. The latest information on FFA VMS requirements can be found through this link on the FFA website.
In respect of option i), WCPFC maintains a list of approved ALCs based on the requirements of VMS SSPs
- Paragraph 2.6 of the Commission VMS SSPs states, “In preparing the initial list of approved ALCs, the WCPFC Secretariat will take into account lists approved by existing regional and sub-regional VMS programmes, and lists approved by CCMs.” An initial list of approved Mobile Transceiver Units (MTU)/Automatic Location Communicators (ALC) was prepared by the WCPFC Secretariat on 19 June 2009.
- Paragraph 2.7 of the Commission VMS SSPs states, "The Secretariat will assess proposals for inclusion of additional ALC makes and models on this list from both CCMs and equipment manufacturers and make recommendations for the TCC’s consideration and the Commission’s approval. Approval of ALCs will be based on the Secretariat’s assessments of ALCs against minimum standards for the Commission VMS as set out in Annex 1 of CMM 2014-02 (or its successor measure), WCPFC SSPs, as relevant, by determining that the ALC make and model has the ability to successfully report to the Commission VMS, and by using the methodology established by the FFA with expenses for type approval processing to be borne by the proposing entity. By 31 July 2016, and as needed thereafter , the Secretariat will recommend removal from the list of approved ALC types any makes and models it has determined do not meet the minimum standards set out in Annex 1 of CMM 2014-02 (or successor measure), or do not have the ability to successfully report to the Commission VMS. If an ALC make and model is removed from the list of approved ALC types, flag States will ensure that their fishing vessels replace non-type approved ALCs with approved ALCs by the next replacement of the ALC but no later than three years after the Commission’s decision."
The last update of the list of approved MTU/ALCs, which includes submissions by CCMs, can be accessed from here:-
Requests for additional MTU/ALCs to be included on the approved ALCs list should be sent cc to VMSHelpdesk@wcpfc.int
Commissions VMS Standard Operating Procedures
Form to be used to registering a vessel on the Commission VMS (VTAF)
Paragraph 2.9 of the Commission VMS SSPs states, " For each fishing vessel required to report to the Commission VMS the flag CCM will submit all necessary data to complete its data file in the Commission’s VMS database. This data will include the name of the vessel, unique vessel identification number (UVI) [* if and when adopted by the Commission], radio call sign, length, gross registered tonnage, power of engine expressed in kilowatts/horsepower, types of fishing gear(s) used as well well as the make, model, unique network identifier (user ID) and equipment identifier (manufacturer’s serial number) of the ALC that vessel will be using to fulfil its Commission VMS reporting requirements."
To facilitate the submission of necessary vessel tracking data for each fishing vessel required to report to the WCPFC VMS, the Secretariat has provided for flag CCMs use a guideline VTAF form:- Vessel Tracking Agreement Form (VTAF) (425.86 KB34.45 KB113.48 KB). Submissions of VTAF updates can be sent cc to VMSHelpdesk@wcpfc.int
List of all the Members whose waters are included in the Commission’s VMS
WCPFC9 agreed to a decision related to the application of the Commission VMS solely to waters under the jurisdiction of Members and to complement and support Members’ national VMS 80.82 KB
The following table provides the list of WCPFC Members whose waters are included in the Commission VMS, which is maintained by the Secretariat in accordance with the WCPFC9 decision:
|WCPFC MEMBER||DATE REQUEST
|DATE INCLUSION OF NATIONAL
WATERS BECAME EFFECTIVE
|AREAS OF NATIONAL
|New Zealand*||23 Feb 2010
(Tokelau was activated on 22 Aug 2012)
|Waters under the national jurisdiction of New Zealand, which includes the Tokelau EEZ.|
|Cook Islands*||14 May 2010||Waters under the national jurisdiction of Cook Islands
|Niue*||1 Jan 2013||Waters under the national jurisdiction of Niue|
|United States of America||16 January 2013||9 March 2013||The national waters of the United States (comprising the EEZ areas around the Hawaiian Islands, Kingman Reef and Palmyra Atoll, Johnston Atoll, Wake Island, Jarvis Island, Howland and Baker Islands, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Aleutian Islands and Alaska Peninsula west of 150 degrees west longitude, and the portion of the EEZ around American Samoa).|
|Australia||13 February 2013||15 March 2013||The national waters of the Australia (comprising the EEZ areas around the Australia mainland and islands, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Macquarie Island, Norfolk Island, Heard and McDonald)|
|Federated States of Micronesia||5 March 2013||4 April 2013||FSM’s national waters|
|France||14 May 2013||13 June 2013||Waters under the jurisdiction of France around New Caledonia|
|France||20 May 2013||16 June 2013||
Waters under the jurisdiction of France around French Polynesia
Waters under the jurisdiction of France around Wallis and Futuna
|Palau||2 August 2013||1 Sept 2013||Palau's national waters|
|Tuvalu||8 August 2013||8 Sept 2013||Tuvalu national waters|
|Samoa||6 September 2013||6 October 2013||National waters of Samoa|
|Tonga||25 November 2014||13 March 2015||National waters of Tonga|
|Nauru||19 June 2015||19 July 2015||National waters of Nauru|
|Solomon Islands||9 March 2016||8 April 2016||National waters of Solomon Islands|
|Vanuatu||27 October 2020||28 November 2020||National waters of Vanuatu|
|Papua New Guinea||1 September 2021||2 October 2021||National waters of Papua New Guinea|
*These three Members had their national waters included in the Commission VMS in accordance with previous WCPFC decisions.