WCPFC Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) Scheme

 

Introduction 

Fisheries monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) consists of three distinct, integrated activities, defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) as follows:

  • monitoring - the continuous requirement for the measurement of fishing effort characteristics and resource yields (and catches);
  • control - the regulatory conditions under which the exploitation of the resource may be conducted; and
  • surveillance - the degree and types of observations required to maintain compliance with the regulatory controls imposed on fishing activities.

Several elements of the Commission’s MCS Scheme (regulatory framework) were elaborated during the Preparatory Conference process from 2001 to 2004 and became operational on adoption during the Commission’s Inaugural Session in December 2004.  These included the WCPFC Record of Fishing Vessels and Authorizations to Fish on the High Seas in the Convention Area (CMM 2013-10, which replaced CMM 2004-01 and CMM 2009-01), Procedures for Cooperating Non-members (CMM 2009-11, which replaced 2004-02) and Specifications for the Marking and Identification of Fishing Vessels (CMM 2004-03). 

The Commission has since adopted:

  • High Seas Boarding and Inspection Procedures consistent with Articles 21 and 22 of the United National Fish Stocks Agreement (CMM 2006-08);
  • Regional Observer Programme (ROP), which pursuant to CMM 2007-01 (Annex C) the ROP became operational on 31 December 2008;
  • Centralised Vessel Monitoring System (Commission VMS) activated on 1 April 2009 (CMM 2011-02, which replaced CMM 2007-02);
  • WCPFC IUU List (CMM 2010-06, which replaced CMM 2007-03);
  • Prohibition on use of large-scale driftnets (CMM 2008-04);
  • Regulation on Transshipment (CMM 2009-06);
  • Rules for FAD and purse seine catch retention in high seas (CMM 2009-02);
  • Charter Notification Scheme (CMM 2012-05); 
  • Compliance Monitoring Scheme (CMM 2013-02, which replaced CMM 2010-03, CMM 2011-06 and CMM 2012-02);
  • Standards, Specifications and Procedures for the Record of Fishing Vessels (CMM 2013-03); and
  • Conservation and Management Measure for WCPFC Implementation of a Unique Vessel Identifier (UVI) (CMM 2013-04)
Page Updated 24 Feb, 2015
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